Recently my daughter was going to a music festival with a group of friends. Like her father she likes music and tried playing it – without great success. On the cusp of her third decade she is a sensible young adult. However, millennials are not known for reading newspapers or watching the six o’clock news so I felt it prudent to remind her not to buy or take any pills at the festival. With lightning speed, the reply came – “Dad, who would be stupid enough to do that”?
This is what a parent wants to hear but not all do. It led to a discussion about deaths at music festivals in NSW and that people did not have to lack intelligence to have choices end tragically. A few days later she alerted me to the cancellation of an event on the Central NSW Coast.
For the record one can listen to music without drugs!
Pill testing is the latest battle ground between those committed to a “tough on drugs” approach and those wanting liberalisation.
Human beings have used substances for as long as they have been on the planet. They do this to change how they feel. Most drugs that are illegal today were legally, and in some instances medically, used until the early 20thcentury. Harry Anslinger, the “father” of the war on drugs ran the Federal Narcotics Bureau for over 30 years and came from an alcohol prohibition background. The prohibition of cannabis began just as alcohol prohibition ended.
The fascinating history in the 1930’s has as much to do with race relations as drug policy. When the Nixon administration doubled down on drugs, again there were political issues dressed up as health ones.
By any objective measure, the “war on drugs” has failed. If the aim was to stop consumption- it has not. Worse, it has created wealth for organised crime and has enabled corruption to flourish.
Worse still, it has filled jails with people whose only crime is to use a substance. The harm caused by this generally dwarfs that of the substance.
Whilst the concept of “just say no to drugs” seems simple enough, eons of human behaviour tell us otherwise. Teenagers will experiment. Adults will seek “escape”. These are facts.
Maybe in an ideal world none of us would smoke, drink, use drugs, eat too much sugar or do a whole host of things that are “bad for us”. Maybe we would all be happy and have no need for prescription drugs which change how we feel. We could all live as Buddhist Monks and accept our lot.
Back in the real world this is not about to occur. Therefore, we need to consider how much collateral damage we are prepared to do in our “war”. That music festival attendees died after taking pills is a tragedy. Would pill testing have prevented it? I don’t know. There is no guarantee that those with pills would allow them to be tested nor that the results would be 100% accurate. It is difficult to imagine that the end result could be any worse though.
Harm reduction is accepted in many areas. Driving is not risk free.
Seat belts make it less likely you will die on the roads without eliminating the possibility. Ditto life jackets on boats.
The AMA here in Australia, has publicly supported trials on pill testing claiming we need to examine solutions beyond law enforcement. Interestingly, the AMA opposes harm reduction for smokers (where 19000 lives are lost annually) in the form of vaping. Go figure!
Portugal decriminalised drug use in 2001 without an explosion in usage. They treat drugs as a health not law enforcement issue. Money for rehab would not be an issue as the funds freed up from law enforcement would be massive.
In 2011 the Global Commission on drugs which included the Prime Ministers or Presidents of five countries called the war on drugs a failure. In 2019 the situation is the same.
In 1977 President Jimmy Carter said “Penalties against possession of a drug should not be more damaging to an individual than the use of the drug itself.”
A dispassionate assessment of current policy says we fail that simple test.
Is pill testing, of itself, the answer? No. It may have a role. We need to accept the failure of current policies and explore new ones. We are, after all, supposed to be devotees of evidence.
This article first appeared here
Dr Joe Kosterich is a Medical Doctor, author, speaker, media presenter and health industry consultant, who wants you to be healthy and get the most out of life.
Joe writes for numerous medical and mainstream publications and is also a regular on radio and television. He is often called to give opinions in medico legal cases and is an advisor to Reed Medical Conferences.
Joe is Medical Advisor to Medicinal Cannabis Company Little Green Pharma and sits on the board of Australian Tobacco Harm Reduction Association.